Recently on Facebook, a gentleman asked me this question.
His question, who was Jesus praying to? Very good question… I liked it. And far after you and I are gone scholars will debate this. So…here is what I know.
Since the Bible affirms that Jesus is God, it is often perplexing to note that Jesus addresses God in prayer. The answer is found in an understanding of the Trinity; 1 John 5:7, Romans 1:20, Acts 17:29, Colossians 2:29 (by the way, you will only find that teaching in the King James Bible). Jesus is the second person of the Trinity. We also know from John 1 that God (Jesus) became flesh and dwelt among us. Jesus was fully God and fully human. In His human form He was separated from the Trinity…and therefore needed to pray to God the Father (1st Person of the Trinity).
Jesus is completely human, but He also has a divine nature.
He is worshiped (Matthew 2:2, 11; 14:33; 28:9)
He is prayed to (Acts 7:59; 1 Cor. 1:2)
He was called God (John 20:28; Heb. 1:8)
He was called Son of God (Mark 1:1)
He is sinless (1 Peter 2:22; Heb. 4:15)
He knew all things (John 21:17)
He gives eternal life (John 10:28; 17:2)
The fullness of deity dwells in Him (Colossians. 2:9)
He worshiped the Father (John 17)
He prayed to the Father (John 17:1)
He was called man (Mark 15:39; John 19:5).
He was called Son of Man (In the Greek it is like saying, Hey Dude) (John 9:35-37)
He was tempted (Matthew 4:1)
He grew in wisdom (Luke 2:52)
He died (Romans 5:8) — HE WAS RESURRECTED!
He has a body of flesh and bones (Luke 24:39)
As a man, Jesus needed to pray. When He was praying, he was not praying to Himself but to God the Father.
I hope this is helpful my friend. May God bless you as you…as WE try and understand His message to us.