Achish

Achish [Ā’chish]—serpent charmer.

ā´kish ( אכישׁ , ‘ākhı̄sh ): King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father’s name is given as Maoch (1 Samuel 27:2 ), and Maacah (1 Kings 2:39 ). David sought the protection of Achish when he first fled from Saul, and just after his visit to Nob (1 Samuel 21:10-15 ). Fearing rough treatment or betrayal by Achish, he feigned madness. But this made him unwelcome, whereupon he fled to the Cave of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:1 ). Later in his fugitive period David returned to Gath to be hospitably received by Achish (1 Samuel 27:1 ), who gave him the town of Ziklag for his home. A year later, when the Philistines invaded the land of Israel, in the campaign which ended so disastrously for Saul (1 Samuel 31:1-13 ), Achish wished David to participate (1 Samuel 28:1-2 ), but the lords of the Philistines objected so strenuously, when they found him and his men with the forces of Achish, that Achish was compelled to send them back. Achish must have been a young man at this time, for he was still ruling forty years later at the beginning of Solomon’s reign (1 Kings 2:39 ). He is mentioned as Abimelech in the title of Ps 34. See ABIMELECH (3).

Achish in Easton’s Bible Dictionary angry, perhaps only a general title of royalty applicable to the Philistine kings. (1.) The king with whom David sought refuge when he fled from Saul (1 Sam. 21:10-15). He is called Abimelech in the superscription of Ps. 34. It was probably this same king to whom David a second time repaired at the head of a band of 600 warriors, and who assigned him Ziklag, whence he carried on war against the surrounding tribes (1 Sam. 27:5-12). Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David (1 Sam. 28:1,2), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to battle along with the Philistine hosts (1 Sam. 29:2-11). David remained with Achish a year and four months. (2.) Another king of Gath, probably grandson of the foregoing, to whom the two servants of Shimei fled. This led Shimei to go to Gath in pursuit of them, and the consequence was that Solomon put him to death (1 Kings 2:39-46).
http://www.bible-history.com/eastons/A/Achish/

David, fleeing Saul, sought refuge in Achish’s territory, but fell under suspicion of being an enemy; fearing for his life, David feigned madness to escape (I Sam 21:10-15). However, when he sought refuge a second time, with 600 men, Achish welcomed him and even gave him Ziklag where David remained for over a year, making Achish believe that he was raiding lands of the Geshurites. Girzites and Amalekites (I Sam 27:8-12). So convinced was Achish of David’s loyalty that he even made him his bodyguard when organizing to attack King Saul. It was only at the insistence of the Philistine lords, who feared that David would side with his own people during the battle, that Achish sent him and his men back to the rear (I Sam 28:2; 29:1-11).

In the fourth year of Solomon’s reign, a king of Gath also named Achish, is mentioned as the son of Maacah to whose territory two of Shimei’s servants fled (I Kgs 2:39-40).

Achish in Fausset’s Bible Dictionary King of Gath, son of Maoch; called Abimelech, i.e., not merely a king, but also son of a king in the title to Psalm 34: See ABIMELECH for the seeming discrepancy with 1 Samuel 21:10-13; 1 Samuel 27:2. Twice David fled to him. On the first occasion, being recognized as the conqueror of the Philistines, he in fear reigned madness (as the Roman L. Junins Brutus did: Livy, 1:56), and so was let escape to the cave of Adullam. On the second he stayed at Gath, with 600 men, a year and four months, having had Ziklag assigned to him. The unbelieving propensity to calculate probabilities, instead of trusting implicitly to God, misleads even believers into self sought positions of great spiritual danger. “I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul, there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines,” said David. This false step on his part necessitated gross lying to the trustful Philistine king (1 Samuel 27:1; 1 Samuel 27:8-12). He finally escaped, only by God’s undeserved providential interposition, from having to march with Achish against his own countrymen (1 Samuel 28; 29). Achish, or his son, is again mentioned (1 Kings 2:40)
http://www.bible-history.com/faussets/A/Achish/

Achish in Hitchcock’s Bible Names thus it is; how is this
http://www.bible-history.com/hitchcock/A/Achish/

Achish in Naves Topical Bible (King of the Philistines, also called ABIMELECH) -David escapes to 1Sa 21:10-15; 27; 28:1,2; 29; 1Ki 2:39,40
http://www.bible-history.com/naves/A/ACHISH/

Achish in Smiths Bible Dictionary (angry), a Philistine king of Gath, who in the title of the 34th Psalm is called Abimelech. David twice found a refuge with him when he fled from Saul. (B.C. 1061.) On the first occasion he was alarmed for his safety, feigned madness, and was sent away.
http://www.bible-history.com/smiths/A/Achish/

Achish in the Bible Encyclopedia – ISBE a’-kish (‘akhish): King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father’s name is given as Maoch (1 Sam 27:2), and Maacah (1 Ki 2:39). David sought the protection of Achish when he first fled from Saul, and just after his visit to Nob (1 Sam 21:10-15). Fearing rough treatment or betrayal by Achish, he feigned madness. But this made him unwelcome, whereupon he fled to the Cave of Adullam (1 Sam 22:1). Later in his fugitive period David returned to Gath to be hospitably received by Achish (1 Sam 27:1 ff), who gave him the town of Ziklag for his home. A year later, when the Philistines invaded the land of Israel, in the campaign which ended so disastrously for Saul (1 Sam 31), Achish wished David to participate (1 Sam 28:1-2), but the lords of the Philistines objected so strenuously, when they found him and his men with the forces of Achish, that Achish was compelled to send them back. Achish must have been a young man at this time, for he was still ruling forty years later at the beginning of Solomon’s reign (1 Ki 2:39). He is mentioned as Abimelech in the title of Ps 34.
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/A/ACHISH/

Achish in Wikipedia is a name used in the Hebrew Bible for two Philistine rulers of Gath. It may mean “angry,”[citation needed] and is perhaps only a general title of royalty, applicable to the Philistine kings. The two kings of Gath, which is identified by most scholars as Tell es-Safi, are: The monarch with whom David sought refuge when he fled from Saul (1 Sam. 21:10-15). He is called Abimelech (meaning “father of the king”) in the superscription of Ps. 34. It was probably this same king, or his son with the same name, to whom David a second time repaired at the head of a band of 600 warriors. The king assigned David to Ziklag, whence he carried on war against the surrounding tribes (1 Sam. 27:5-12). Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David (1 Sam. 28:1,2), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to battle along with the Philistine hosts (1 Sam. 29:2-11). David remained with Achish a year and four months. Another king of Gath, probably grandson of the foregoing, to whom the two servants of Shimei fled. This led Shimei to go to Gath in pursuit of them, and the consequence was that Solomon put him to death (1 Kings 2:39-46). In the 7th century BC royal inscription from Tel Miqne-Ekron the name Achish appears, along with four other names of the local kings of Ekron. A similar name (IKAUSU) appears as a king of Ekron in 7th century BC Assyrian inscriptions. This apparently refers to the same king of Ekron. This appears to indicate that either the name Achish was a common name for Philistine kings, used both at Gath and Ekron, or, as Naveh has suggested, that the editor of the biblical text used a known name of a Philistine king from the end of the Iron Age (Achish of Ekron) as the name of a king(s) of Gath in narratives relating to earlier periods…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achish

  1. Son of Maoch and the king of Gath to whom David fled (1 Sam. 21:10-14; 27:2-12).

A king of Gath , who reigned about forty years later than No. 1, in Solomon’s time (1 Kings 2:39, 40).

Achish appears 42 times in scripture yet we know so little about him:

Joshua 10:3 | Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,

Joshua 10:5 | Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.

Joshua 10:23 | And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.

Joshua 10:31 | And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it:

Joshua 10:32 | And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah.

Joshua 10:33 | Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

Joshua 10:34 | And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it:

Joshua 10:35 | And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.

Joshua 12:11 | The king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;

Joshua 15:39 | Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,

1 Samuel 21:10 | And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.

1 Samuel 21:11 | And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?

1 Samuel 21:12 | And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.

1 Samuel 21:14 | Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me?

1 Samuel 27:2 | And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

1 Samuel 27:3 | And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal’s wife.

1 Samuel 27:5 | And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee?

1 Samuel 27:6 | Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.

1 Samuel 27:9 | And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.

1 Samuel 27:10 | And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.

1 Samuel 27:12 | And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for ever.

1 Samuel 28:1 | And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men.

1 Samuel 28:2 | And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.

1 Samuel 29:2 | And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.

1 Samuel 29:3 | Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell unto me unto this day?

1 Samuel 29:6 | Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the lords favour thee not.

1 Samuel 29:8 | And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

1 Samuel 29:9 | And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.

1 Kings 2:39 | And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away unto Achish son of Maachah king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy servants be in Gath.

1 Kings 2:40 | And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.

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