Symbolic Language used in the Old and New Testaments

Texts Symbols Meanings
Jer 3:8, 9; 5:7 Adultery Idolatry
Rev 1:20; 2:1, etc. Angel Messenger, hence minister
Psa 10:15; Eze 30:21, etc. Arm Power
Job 6:4 Arrows Judgments
Rev 17:18 Babylon Rome
Dan 7:17 Beast A tyrannical heathen monarch
Job 30:30; Joe 2:6 Black Affliction-anguish
Isa 29:18; Rom 11:25 Blindness Ignorance
Isa 34:3; Eze 32:6 Blood Slaughter-depth
Job 18:15; Rev 14:10 Brimstone Desolation-torments
Rev 21:9 Bride The Church of God
Jhn 3:29 Bridegroom Christ wedded to his Church
Psa 22:12, etc. Bulls Violent enemies
Rev 2:1 Candlestick Church
Psa 68:17, etc. Chariots Heavenly hosts
Jam 1:12; Rev 2:10 Crown Victory-reward
Psa 23:5 Cup Divine Blessings
Isa 51:17 Cup Divine Judgments
Jer 2:31; Amo 4:13; Rom 13:12 Darkness Misery-adversity-ignorance
Isa 34:8, etc.; Rev 2:10, etc.; 1Th 5:5, etc. Day An indefinite time-a prophetic year-gospel period
Mat 15:26; Rev 22:15; Psa 22:16 Dogs Gentiles-impure persons-persecutors
1Cr 16:9 Door An opening
Rev 12:9 Dragon Satan
Isa 29:9 Drunkenness Effects of divine judgments
Rev 6:12, etc. Earthquakes Revolutions
Pro 15:3, etc. Eyes Knowledge
Psa 34:16, etc. Face The divine favor
Jer 5:28 Fat Abundance
Isa 42:25, etc. Fire Judgments
Rev 7:3, etc. Forehead A public profession
Jer 11:4 Furnace Affliction
Rev 3:4, etc. Garments Outward appearance
Psa 147:13 Gates Power-security
Job 12:18 Girdles Strength
Mat 25:33 Goats Wicked persons
Eze 38:2; 39:11; Rev 20:8 Gog and Magog God’s enemies
Rev 8:7 Grass The lower orders, opposed to trees, the higher orders
Rev 11:19 Hail Divine vengeance
Psa 18:35; 73:23 Hand, right Protection-support
Eze 8:1 Hand of the Lord Divine influence
Joe 3:13, etc. Harvest A time of destruction
Eph 1:22, etc. Head Rule or ruler
Isa 13:13; Hag 2:6, 21 Heavens Political or ecclesiastical governments
Zec 10:3 Horse War and conquest
Mat 5:6 Hunger and thirst Spiritual desires
Rev 5:8 Incense Prayer
Psa 122:6 Jerusalem Church of God
Hbr 12:22, etc. Jerusalem The heavenly state
Rev 1:18 Keys Power and authority
1Ki 15:4; Psa 132:17 Lamp A successor or offspring
Est 8:16 Light Joy-prosperity
Isa 8:20; Eph 5:8, etc. Light Knowledge-bitterness
Moon (see Sun)
Zec 4:7; Isa 2:2 Mountains A state-Christ’s Church
Rom 16:25, etc. Mystery Not a thing unintelligible, but never before made plain
Rev 3:17 Naked In the sinful state of nature
Isa 21:12; Rev 21:25 Night Adversity-affliction-ignorance
Isa 2:13 Oaks Men of rank and power
Psa 23:5; 92:10, etc. Oil Abundance-fertility-joy
Rev 7:9 Palms Victory
Luk 23:43; Rev 2:7 Paradise Heaven
Psa 18:2 Rock A secure refuge
2:9, etc.;Job 9:34, etc. Rod Authority-correction
Col 4:6, etc.; Deu 29:23 Salt Purity-barrenness
Isa 51:10 Sea in commotion An army
Sgs 4:12; Isa 29:11 Seal Security-secrecy
Gen 3:1, etc.; 2Cr 11:3; Rev 12:9 Serpent The devil
Jhn 10:11, 16, etc. Sheep Christ’s disciples
Nah 3:18; Eze 34:2, etc. Shepherds Rules, civil or ecclesiastical
Psa 84:9; Eph 6:16 Shield Defence-protection
1Th 4:14 Sleep Death
Isa 1:6, etc. Sores Spiritual maladies
Num 24:17, etc. Star A prince or ruler
Joe 2:31, etc. Sun, moon, and stars The various governors in a state
Isa 34:5; Eze 21:3, etc. Sword War and slaughter
Deu 28:13 Tail Subjection-degradation
Pro 30:14 Teeth Cruelty
Gen 41:40, etc. Throne Kingdom or government
Jer 4:31; Gal 4:19 Travail Anguish-anxiety
Zec 11:2 Trees The great and noble
Psa 80:8, etc. Vine The Church of God
Isa 5:1, etc. Vineyard The Church of God
Eze 3:17 Watch-tower The Prophets
Psa 69:1; Isa 8:7, etc.; 55:1 Waters Afflictions-multitudes-ordinances
Dan 9:24 Week Seven years
Rev 12:6 Wilderness Afflicted state
Isa 27:8; Jer 51:1 Wind Judgments-destructive war
Isa 25:6; 55:1, etc.; Psa 60:3, etc. Wine Spiritual blessings-divine judgments
Isa 63:3; Rev 14:19 Winepress Slaughter
Psa 17:8, etc. Wings Protection
Isa 11:6; 65:25 Wolves Furious, ungodly persons
Eze 26:2, 3 Woman City, or body politie
Rev 12:1 Woman The Church of Christ
Deu 28:48; Mat 11:29, 30; Lam 3:27 Yoke Labor-restraint

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